CBSE SAMPLE PAPER 1 & Solution for CLASS 12 Psychology

CBSE SAMPLE PAPER 1 & Solution for CLASS 12 Psychology

CBSE SAMPLE PAPER 1 & Solution for CLASS 12 Psychology

Class- XII
Sample Question Paper – 2017
Time – 3 Hours Max Marks – 70

General instructions

 All questions are compulsory and answers should be brief and to the point.
 Marks for each question are indicated against it.
 Question No 1- 10 in part A are multiple choice questions carrying 1 mark each. You are
expected to answer them as directed.
 Question No 11-16 in Part B are very short answer questions carrying 2 marks each. Answer
to each question should not exceed 30 words.
 Question No. 17-20 in Part C are short answer type-I questions carrying 3 marks each. Answer
to each question should not exceed 60 words.
 Question No. 21-26 in Part D are short answer type-II questions carrying 4 marks each.
Answer to each question should not exceed 100 words.
 Question No. 27 and 28 in Part E are long answer type questions carrying 6 marks each.
Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words.

Part – A

Q 1. Dipa Karmakar is the first Indian gymnast to qualify for the Rio Olympics 2016. According to
psychologists, Dipa would be high on _________intelligence.

a) Spatial c) Interpersonal
b) Naturalistic d) Bodily – kinesthetic ,pg 7

Q 2. Mamta is suffering from a rare disease but her mother is refusing to accept the reality. She
insists on taking Mamta from one doctor to another hoping to hear that nothing is wrong with her
daughter. This is an example of:

a) Projection c) Denial, pg 35
b) Reaction Formation d) Rationalisation

Q 3. Aisha is in the final year of schooling and is highly motivated to excel in the competitive
examinations. However she feels she is short of time and always burdened with work. She finds it
difficult to slow down and relax. Identify her personality type.

a) Type A pg 31 c) Type B
b) Type C d) Type D
Q 4. George’s sympathetic nervous system is engaged in the flight or fight syndrome due to a major
stressor in his life. Which stage of general adaptation syndrome is he experiencing? Alarm Reaction
Stage, pg 59
Q 5. Rahul keeps organizing his room the whole day. This keeps him anxious and distracted in class.
Such symptoms are typical of which disorder?

a) Agoraphobia c) Obsessive behaviour
b) Obsessive compulsive disorder pg 177 d) Generalised Anxiety Disorder

Q 6. During the course of treatment in psychodynamic therapy, the client has resentment, hostility
and anger towards the therapist. This is called __________.(negative transference, pg 95)
Q7. Even though Ajay’s father has recently bought him a pair of trousers, Ajay is insisting on buying
a new pair of a particular brand of jeans that all his classmates are wearing. Ajay’s behavior

a) Conformity pg 140
b) Competition
c) Obedience
d) Compliance

Q 8. Stereotypes are the _____________ components of a prejudice. ( cognitive, pg 118)
Q 9. Aggression that is shown towards a weaker person who is unlikely to react is called
___________. (Displacement, pg170)

Q 10. Authenticity means that your behavioural expressions are inconsistent with what you value and
the way you relate to your self image. True/ False. Pg 192
Part – B

Q 11. What does Eysenck consider to be the two most important dimensions of personality?

Introversion involves directing attention on inner experiences, while extraversion relates to
focusing attention outward on other people and the environment.

b. Neuroticism vs Emotional-Stability:
Neuroticism refers to an individual’s tendency to become upset or emotional, while stability
refers to the tendency to remain emotionally constant. Refers to the degree to which people
have control over their feelings.
Brief explanation expected-refer pg 32-33

Q 12. How do projective tests provide insight into personality?
Projective tests were developed to assess unconscious motives and feelings. These techniques
are based on the assumption that a less structured or unstructured stimulus or situation will
allow the individual to project one’s feelings desires and needs on the situation.
Refer to page 43-44

Q 13. Identity the unhelpful habits that make us vulnerable to stress.
Unhelpful habits of perfectionism , avoidance and procrastination make us vulnerable to stress.
A brief description about any two. Pg 64-65

Q 14. How does aversive conditioning help in overcoming maladaptive behavior?
It refers to repeated association of undesired response with an aversive consequence.
Brief explanation with the help of an example. Pg 97-98

Q 15. Explain the effect of noise on the cognitive abilities of human beings.
Systematic research on the effects of noise on human beings shows the following:
a. When the noise comes at intervals, and in an unpredictable way, it is experienced as
more disturbing than if the noise is continuously present.
b. When the task being performed is difficult, or requires full concentration, then intense,
unpredictable, and uncontrollable noise reduces the level of task performance.
c. When tolerating or switching off the noise is within the control of the person, the
number of errors in task performance decreases.
Mention any two points with brief explanation. Pg 157

Q 16. Why does the interviewer prepare a ‘schedule’ for the purpose of an interview?
To accomplish an interview, the interviewer prepares a set of questions, also called a schedule,
for different domains, or categories s/he wants to cover. To do this, the interviewer must first
decide on the domains/categories under which information is to be generated. They help assess
facts as well as subjective assessment. Pg 189
Part – C

Q 17. Reena is 5 years old, she cries when she is dropped to school. Explain the disorder and list its
Reena has Separation Anxiety disorder, which is an internalising disorder unique to children.
Its most prominent symptom is excessive anxiety or even panic experienced by children at
being separated from their parents. Children with SAD may have difficulty being in a room by
themselves, going to school alone, are fearful of entering new situations, and cling to and
shadow their parents’ every move. To avoid separation, children with SAD may fuss, scream,
throw severe tantrums, or make suicidal gestures. (1+2) Pg 83

Q 18. ‘Hearing and listening are not the same’. Justify your answer.
Listening is an important skill and requires a person to be attentive. S/he should be patient,
non-judgmental and yet have the capacity to analyze and respond. Listening is a process that
involves reception, attention, assignment of meaning, and listener’s response to the message
Hearing is a biological activity that involves reception of a message through sensory channels.
It is a part of listening. Pg 185

Q 19. Many societies are prejudiced on the basis of religion and colour. Suggest some strategies
to handle such prejudices .
Strategies :
(a) minimizing opportunities for learning prejudices,
(b) changing such attitudes,
(c) de-emphasising a narrow social identity based on the in-group, and
(d) discouraging the tendency towards self-fulfilling prophecy among the victims of prejudice.
Any three strategies with explanation. Pg 119

Q 20. ‘Culture of poverty is also a cause of poverty’. Explain.
Poverty is a condition in which there is a lack of necessities of life in the context of unequal
distribution of wealth in society. There are various reasons attributed to poverty. One of them
is culture of poverty which states that, it is not the individual, but a belief system, a way of life,
and values, in which she/he is brought up, that is the cause of poverty. This belief system, called
the ‘culture of poverty’, convinces the person that she/he will continue to remain poor, and the
belief is carried over from one generation of the poor to the next. Pg 167
Part – D

Q 21. JP Das’ model of intelligence involves the ‘Interdependent functioning of three neurological
systems’. Discuss.
PASS model was developed by J.P. Das, Jack Naglieri and Kirby in 1994. According to this
model, intellectual activity involves the interdependent functioning of three neurological
systems, called the functional units of the brain. These units are responsible for
arousal/attention, simultaneous and successive processing and planning.
Simultaneous processing
Successive processing
Explanation of each. Pg 9

Q 22. What is the role of nature and nurture in the development of intelligence?
There is a general consensus among psychologists that intelligence is a product of complex
interaction of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture). Heredity can be viewed as
something that sets a range within which an individual’s development is actually shaped by the
support and opportunities of the environment. Studies have also shown correlation between
intelligence of identical twins reared together(.90) , identical twins reared apart (.72)fraternal
twins reared together (.60) and siblings reared together (.50)and sibling reared apart (.25).
With respect to the role of environment, studies have reported that as children grow in age,
their intelligence level tends to move closer to their adoptive parents. Children from
disadvantaged homes adopted into families of higher socio-economic status exhibit a large
increase in their intelligence scores. There is evidence that environmental deprivation lowers
intelligence while rich nutrition, good family background and quality schooling increases
Intelligence is a product of heredity and environment. Pg 10

Q 23. Anita regularly abstains from food for religious reasons. Which aspect of the self is she
displaying? Suggest the psychological techniques that will help her abstain from food.
Self- control refers to delaying or deferring of gratification of plays a key role in the
fulfillment of long term goals. Anita is able to abstain from food for religious purposes using
self- control. The 3 techniques are:
Observation of own behavior
Self Instruction
Self reinforcement:
Explanation of each of the above. Pg 27

Q 24. What is coping? Identify the different coping strategies to deal with stress?
Coping is a dynamic situation-specific reaction to stress. It is a set of concrete responses to
stressful situations or events that are intended to resolve the problem and reduce stress.
The three coping strategies according to Endler and Parker is given are:
1. Task-oriented Strategy:
2. Emotion-oriented Strategy:
3. Avoidance-oriented Strategy:
Lazarus & Folkman have conceptualized coping as a dynamic process rather than an
individual trait.
Emotion-Focused Coping:
Problem-Focused Coping:
A description of each. (1+1+1+1 or 1+1 1/2+ 1 1/2) Pg 61-62

Q 25. ‘Rishabh , a 21 year old college student, exhibits an intense fear of fireworks, gunshots, popping
balloons etc’. Suggest the most appropriate therapy that could be used to help Rishabh overcome his

Behaviour therapies postulate that psychological distress arises because of faulty behaviour
patterns or thought patterns.
Systematic desensitization is a behavior therapy technique. Systematic desensitization is a
technique introduced by Wolpe for treating phobias or irrational fears. The client is
interviewed to elicit fear-provoking situations and together with the client, the therapist
prepares a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking stimuli with the least anxiety-provoking stimuli at
the bottom of the hierarchy. The therapist relaxes the client and asks the client to think about
the least anxiety- provoking situation. The client is asked to stop thinking of the fearful
situation if the slightest tension is felt. Over sessions, the client is able to imagine more severe
fear provoking situations while maintaining the relaxation. The client gets systematically
desensitized to the fear.
It works on the principle of reciprocal inhibition.
Explanation with reference to given example. Pg 98

Q 26. ‘Performance on specific tasks is influenced by the mere presence of others’. Support this
statement with the help of research done in the field of social facilitation.
It was observed that individuals show better performance in the presence of others, than when
they are performing the same task alone. For instance, cyclists racing with each other perform
well than when they cycle alone.
Better performance in the presence of others is because the person experiences arousal, which
makes the person react in a more intense manner.
The arousal is because the person feels she or he is being evaluated called evaluation
The nature of the task to be performed also affects the performance in the presence of others.
If the others present are also performing the same task, this is called a situation of co-action. In
this situation, there is social comparison and competition.
In short, task performance can be facilitated and improved, or inhibited and worsened by the
presence of others. Pg123
Part – E

Q 27. What are somatoform disorders? Elaborate on the different types.
Somatoform disorders are conditions in which there are physical symptoms in the absence of
physical disease. The individual has psychological difficulties and complains of physical
symptoms for which there are no biological cause. It includes the following:
Pain disorder:
Hypochondriasis :
Somatisation :
Conversion :
Detailed explanation of the above. (2+4)Pg 77-78

What do you understand by the term ‘dissociation’? What are its various forms?
Dissociation can be viewed as severance of the connections between ideas and emotions. It
involves feelings of unreality, estrangement, depersonalization and sometimes a loss or shift of
identity. It also includes sudden temporary alterations that blot out painful experience. The
Types are:
Dissociative amnesia:
Dissociative fugue:.
Dissociative identity disorder:
Detailed explanation of the above. (2+4)Pg 78-79

Q 28. Why do people join groups? Discuss.

People join groups because these groups satisfy a range of needs. The main reasons for the
people to join groups are as follows:-

a) Security:
b) Status:
c) Self-esteem:
d) Satisfaction of one’s psychological and social needs:
e) Goal achievement:
f) Provide knowledge and information:
Detailed explanation of the above. (1×6)Pg 132

Differentiate between group think and group polarization. Why does group polarization occur?
Groupthink is characterized by the appearance of consensus or unanimous agreement within a
group. Each members believes that all members agree upon a particular decision or a policy
.No one expresses dissenting opinion because each person here believes that it would
undermine the cohesion of the group and he/she would become unpopular.
Group polarization states that the decisions taken by the groups are more extreme that what
taken by individuals’ . (Explain concepts with the help of examples).
Group polarization basically occurs due to three basic reasons.
1)in the company of likeminded people, more argument’s are more likely to hear newer
arguments favoring each ones viewpoints.
2) When others are found to favor a particular view point, you feel that this view is validated
by the public. This is a sort of bandwagon effect.
3) When you find people having similar views, you likely to perceive them as in-group. You
start identifying with the group, begin showing conformity, and as a result your views become
Detailed explanation of the above. (11/2 + 11/2 +1+1+1)

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